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June 8, 2008

Password Protecting A Blog

Filed under Blogging

image I did some digging over the past week to figure out how to password protect a section of my blog.

My blog is hosted with an Apache server.

I read this article about how Apache supports access control of files on a server.

There are two parts:

  1. An .htaccess file that contains all the settings for access control. This file also points to a password file.
  2. A password file

The .htaccess file impacts everything at the same level as .htaccess and below. The documentation page for .htaccess is here.

A sample .htaccess file looks like this:

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Password Required"
AuthUserFile /www/passwords/password.file
AuthGroupFile /www/passwords/group.file
Require Group admins

I found that I had to start .htaccess with "<Files DIRNAME>" and end with "</Files>" in order to make it work for me...not sure why. I only learned about this after I called my hosting company (1&1) for help. It may be particular 1&1.

Then I had to create a password file (password.file in the above example).

This page explains how to set up a password file with the command "htpasswd."

I used PuTTY to login to the server and vi to edit the .htaccess file.

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This page contains a single entry from the blog posted on June 8, 2008 10:23 AM.

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